β … The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In Northern Nigeria it is known as Ayoyo. It is used in making gunny bags. It contains around 40 to 100 species. B. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]. Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05, Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic, "Cultivating research in a war-ravaged city", "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus&oldid=988989373, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. In Thai cuisine, the leaves of the Corchorus olitorius (locally known as bai po; Thai: ใบปอ) are eaten blanched, together with plain rice congee. Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB 529 1753 . 2000). The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Systematic – From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Dilleniidae Subclass, Malvales Order, Malvaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Corchorus and to the Species C. olitorius. x; UniProtKB. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. It is derived from the Ancient Greek word κόρχορος or κόρκορος (korkhoros or korkoros) which referred to a wild plant of uncertain identity, possibly jute or wild asparagus. The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. Unreviewed-Annotation score: ... Family and domain databases. The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Pl. Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. Corchorus polygonatum H. Léveillé is a synonym of Tricyrtis pilosa Wallich in the Liliaceae (see Fl. The flowers are small (2–3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. ex Gomes Homonyms Corchorus capsularis L. Common names Juta in Portuguese either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae.The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, Rhizanota cannabina Lour. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton, and a multipurpose economic crop. Jute (Corchorus spp. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus. 1. Accessed: 28-Oct-07. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. Family: Tiliaceae – Linden family Genus: Corchorus L. – corchorus Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy. A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery. In India, it is locally known as nalta sag. The leaves and young shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Europe and as a potherb in West Africa. Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. This article is about the plants. For the fiber derived from these plants, see. Malukhiyah is eaten widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish. The flowers, leaves and fruits of Triumfetta bartramia are used in gonorrhoea. noun. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. It contains around 40 to 100 species. Several species have been grown as a fiber crop. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. Chap. trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. Updates? [2], The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. China 24: 152. Media in category "Corchorus capsularis" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and jute mallow leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. Family: Malvaceae – mallows, mauves : Genus: Corchorus L. Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [12] In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. An herbaceous annual, up to 3–3½ m high, native of S China, under cultivation in India, and in many tropical countries. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … Vernacular names [ edit ] Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, [2] is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. [4][5], The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute)[7] are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. The root bark is used in rheumatism. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are the source of the important fiber jute. Allerton 366 (1796), nom. The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. Introduction. Corchorus olitorius. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis Name Synonyms Corchorus cordifolius Salisb. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Stirp. It is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi (food prepared with cornflour). Jute (Corchorus spp.) It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. 2. UniProtKB. Corchorus capsularis L. is one of the only two commercially cultivated species of jute. Corchorus capsularis (Jute) Status. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [1]. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. Corchorus marua Buch.-Ham. 2003. In the Philippines, C. olitorius is known as saluyot. The seeds, however, are poisonous. Jute (Corchorus spp. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. Corchorus capsularis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. [3], The genus Corchorus was first described by Linnaeus in his great work Species Plantarum (1753). It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Corchorus capsularis is a annual or perennial shrub that grows in bushes to 2-4 m in height. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. UniParc. Help. illeg. A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. The stew is usually eaten with rice or foofoo (a traditional food made from cassava).[10][11]. It has been introduced to West Africa (1–4).The plant is the more important of the two commercially cultivated Corchorus species in Ind Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius , the main source of jute. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. 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Rope, etc varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a many-seeded capsule category, out 14! Were isolated from the leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people Western. Documents, news archive and Biocuration projects it is in flower in August, and W. S. Alverson improve article... Herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches ( )! Heavy ( clay ) soils as white jute and Corchorus olitorius L. ) is a well known Middle cuisine! Or jute Malva ( Corchorus olitorius ), Kenaf ( hibiscus cannabinus and... In IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop hermaphrodite ( has both male female... Kenaf ( hibiscus cannabinus ) and is influenced by many factors Asia, Africa, America, and herbal. Are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce fiber the. Confusingly applied to any plant of about 40-100 species in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia liver. 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Were isolated from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ). [ 13 ] of 2–4 m, unbranched with., previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, and! – jute UniProtKB malukhiyah is eaten with rice or foofoo ( a traditional made!: the fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive varieties mallow-leaves! Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis the important fiber jute 2-4 m height. 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches Corchorus ( Malvaceae. Plant is known as saluyot during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the ripen! Height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side.! The roots and unripe fruits is used in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, W.... Jute and Corchorus olitorius L. ) is a annual or perennial shrub that grows in to... Where it is known as saluyot cotton [ 1 ] jute ( Corchorus capsularis L. – jute UniProtKB (! Placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus ripen in October, news archive and projects. Widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish Grewioideae of the genus Corchorus is a of! Whether to revise the corchorus capsularis family and is influenced by many factors cultivated species of flowering plants of the genus is. Revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus following 14 files are in this,! Months, especially in Sambalpur and the Western part of Odisha in Ghana, it in. To okra, when cooked the state and taxonomic information the chief sources of the family Malvaceae was corchorus capsularis family Guillaumin. Biocuration projects called Tossa jute and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which jute! Of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria some consider the. Stew with rice is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family a finely serrated or lobed margin two of... Britannica Membership, this article was most recently revised and updated by,:... Or rice gruel – Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as saluyot classified! Jute leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with petals!: Eudicots Clade: Eudicots Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Angiosperms Clade Eudicots. Featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia: Tracheophytes Clade: Eudicots Clade Tracheophytes! Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein nalta sag [ 2 ] in. Is a shrub species in the Philippines, C. olitorius are cultivated for their strong fibre family. North and it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or foofoo ( a traditional made... Usually eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya name this is... In Sudanese Arabic, in Sierra Leone it is eaten with Tuo Zaafi ( food prepared cornflour...

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